First, the long-distance driving preparation work
1. Driver preparation
Before long-distance driving, check whether the vehicle tools and warning triangle are complete.
2. Check the condition of the car
Before long-distance driving, we must be fully prepared, a comprehensive car condition inspection can ensure the safety of travel, to avoid some unnecessary trouble in the trip.Vehicle condition inspection generally includes brake pad thickness, and battery, shock absorber, tire wear, etc.Windwipers and wiper blades also need to be checked considering the changeable climate.Comprehensive travel preparation can be more to ensure that driving without worry.
Two, the mountain road driving precautions
Driving on mountain roads is not as smooth as in the city and highways, roads bumpy narrow congestion, poor sight, need to pay special attention to driving details.
1. Mountain road condition changes much, the sight should be long-term
The mountain road conditions are more complex than the city, turning, climbing one after another, driving should be focused on, leave enough distance with the car, and put the long view, judge the road conditions ahead in advance.
2. Less overtaking on mountain roads
Mountain roads are generally curved and narrow, and the roadside is more lack of protective facilities, so driving should be mainly slow.If blocked ahead, keep calm and do not overtake at will. If you have to overtake, warn the car in front, and only pass in the straight and dotted lines.
3. Lower grade up and downhill, safer
When going up and down, you should keep low gear through.The low gear can not only provide strong torque to boost the climb, but also control the speed in the downhill, play a deceleration role, avoid brake overheating failure, and ensure safety.
4. Parking does not occupy the road, and the warning is indispensable
Parking on the mountain road should choose the village or close to the roadside. If parking on the curve, place warning signs at the corner to remind the rear. When parking on the ramp, warning signs should also be placed on the opposite ramp to warn the opposite vehicle.
5. Direct sun, good sunglasses
Mountain road driving often encounter sometimes sunrise, sometimes back Yang situation, flickering bright and dark easy to cause visual fatigue, become a potential safety hazard.You can prepare a pair of sunglasses in the car to prevent the sunlight from dazzling
3. Driving safety matters in the rainy season
"Tire test" is required before driving
As tires wear, grip may not be affected on better roads.But when there is rain or water on the road, the grip weakens significantly.Because the tire pattern is used to remove the water between the tire and the ground, if the water can not be removed as soon as possible, it will lead to the wheel skid.Therefore, the tire wear degree must be checked in advance before traveling during the rainy season.
5 Key points on the road
1. Set the standard
If the vehicle is waded and loses grip, you can push the steering wheel in the opposite direction of the car, hold the accelerator and wait for the car to regain grip.Ensure that the engine operation is normal, run smoothly in low speed, avoid big throttle or rush.
2. Turn on the light
Visibility is low in rainy days, so turn on the lights and fog lights when driving.
3. Slow down
The rainy season must slow down and chronic, the rainy season needs to extend the distance between the front car, to maintain a safe distance.When turning, apply the brakes slowly.
Safety tips: How to judge the degree of wear and tear
The original tire is equipped with a wear mark of 1.6mm.The tire reaches the legal minimum allowable pattern depth when the measured groove depth drops to 1.6mm and must be replaced
Four, typhoon driving precautions
Typhoon landing, the wind is raging accompanied by torrential rain, try to reduce the car.Typhoon weather, it is a great challenge to driving, please must pay special attention to driving safety.
1. Turn on the lights and pay attention to safety slowly
Pedestrians in the rain hold umbrellas, cyclists wear a poncho, their sight, hearing, response and so on are limited.Should slow down and whistle more, patiently avoid, do not fight with pedestrians and bicycles.Rainy visibility, need to turn on high lights and front and rear fog lights.Try to slow down and keep the distance from the vehicle ahead.
2. Pay special attention to the surrounding environment when driving and parking
Driving in the typhoon should always pay attention to the driving road was broken and falling street lights, branches or outdoor advertising and other debris.When choosing a parking space, please also observe the surrounding situation first.For example, is it not close to the outdoor billboard, and there is no upstairs flower POTS, sundries and so on.
3. Be careful of the crosswind when driving on expressways
The wind on the highway is larger than the ordinary section, especially across the sea, cross the river viaduct and the mountain and cliff section to pay special attention to the impact of the wind on vehicles, must slow down, so as not to cause the wind.Driving in a typhoon should hold the steering wheel with both hands and keep your attention.
4. Do not blindly in water, do not start again
Encounter unfamiliar water road surface, do not blindly advance, first stop to check the depth of the water, if the water depth exceeds the height of the exhaust pipe should take a detour.Before entering the water area, to change to the low gear in advance to stabilize the throttle, so that the car has enough and stable power to pass through, to avoid midway parking, shift or sharp turn and throttle pedal too hard.If you stop the fire in the water, do not try to start the engine again
Five, highway driving safety
The highway road is wide, with few fixed references and high traffic speed, which makes the owners easy to deviate from the judgment of speed and distance.Whether you're a veteran driver or a rookie, you need 100% concentration.Highway tips, take you safely on the highway.
1. Transfer the fixation point appropriately
Driving on the highway, consciously shift the gaze point.Because the road surface is wide, less reference objects, easy to produce high-speed hypnosis phenomenon.This can avoid high-speed hypnosis and have more access to all kinds of safe driving information along the road.
2. Highway parking
It is best not to stop on the highway, emergency parking to choose a straight line section without blind area, and stop in the emergency stop belt, turn on the double jump lights.Place a warning triangle about 100 meters at the rear of the car.
3. Highway overtaking
Look back and forth to overtake, and let the car in front know your intention, especially when passing the big truck to sound the horn, hit high beams if necessary.You also need to look at the rearview mirror when returning to the lane to keep a safe distance from the rear car.
4. Highway following cars
First, set the distance according to the speed.Secondly, encounter large cars to be particularly careful, need to increase the distance with the car.In case of traffic jam, it is best to stop about 20 meters from the truck to ensure that away from danger.
Driving on highways, you often see 0,50m, 50 m, 100m, 200m signs, which are used to estimate the distance between the front cars.The principle of controlling the safety distance is to determine the distance by the speed. For example, the speed of 100 km / h should keep a distance of 100 meters from the car in front, such a safe distance needs to be maintained at all times.
Six. Tunnel driving safety matters
Tunnel driving in the city and some suburbs on mountainous roads are often met.The light in the tunnel is dark and the space is limited. If the tunnel is not enough attention to the driving environment entering the tunnel, it is often easy to happen.
Reduce the speed of about 100 meters before entering the tunnel, open the distance, at the same time turn on the lights, slow into the tunnel, the general speed is not more than 60 km/h, according to the speed limit in front of the tunnel.
Do not turn on the high beams when driving in the tunnel.Because of the poor light inside and outside the tunnel has caused the driver's poor visual experience, coupled with the high beam light, more likely to appear dangerous.
Generally, the driving distance in the tunnel should be kept at more than 100 meters. If the tunnel is relatively long, it is necessary to maintain a relatively safe driving distance according to the prompts.
Because of the light in the tunnel is poor, and usually only two or three lanes, so it is strictly prohibited to change lanes in the tunnel, please drive according to the lane, let alone overtake.
There are strict speed limits in the tunnel. The speed limit sign will be marked in a significant position before entering the tunnel. Some tunnels also have speed limit reminders inside, so the limited speed should be strictly observed to ensure driving safety.
The tunnel sound effect is obvious, the noise generated by honking the horn is much worse than outside the tunnel, so in the tunnel domestic demand patience driving, do not arbitrarily honking the horn in emergency cases, to avoid affecting their own and others.
The air circulation in the tunnel is poor, and if you open the window, the exhaust gas from other vehicles will enter the car, so it is best to close the Windows and open the circulation in the air conditioning to maintain the air circulation in the car.
Seven, the vehicle wading matters for attention
Heavy rain in summer, torrential rain is not only a challenge to the city's drainage system, but also a test for your car.What about the vehicle wading in the water. Special reminder, the vehicle wading flameout must not start again.
1. What about the water on the road ahead
Before entering the water area, to change to the low gear in advance to stabilize the throttle, so that the car has enough and stable power to pass through, to avoid midway parking, shift or sharp turn and throttle pedal too hard.
2. How to deal with the vehicle flameout caused by wading driving
Stop in the water, do not try to start the engine again, you should seek rescue as soon as possible.
3. Why does it cause engine damage?
After the vehicle wading, the water may enter the cylinder from the trachea. Due to the incompressibility of the water, the piston movement stroke becomes shorter, and the connecting rod will be subjected to superload force.As the engine working cycle increases, the link is constantly impacted by the superload force, which will bend or even break.It can even damage the cylinder block of the engine when severe.
Eight, driving precautions in foggy days
Fog days driving, be careful of "haze" volt!Recently, the frequent smog, the most direct impact of drivers is the low visibility on the road, resulting in the average speed falling, resulting in traffic congestion, and more prone to traffic accidents.
1. Speed control is the key
Haze weather blocked line of sight, is the main cause of traffic safety accidents, the most important thing is to control the speed, and maintain the distance with the car in front, mainly slow.
2. The car lights need to be turned on regularly
Small particles floating in the air on haze days can hinder the line of sight. Be sure to turn on the lights while driving, and at least turn on the width lights to let other vehicles know your location. If the visibility is very low, then please turn on the near-light lights and the front and rear fog lights.Do not use high beams in fog days, because of the fog diffuse reflection, the effect will backfire.
3. Keep the window open as little as possible
In the haze weather, as little as possible to open the window, driving also do not use the way to open the window to ventilate, to avoid too much inhalable particles in the driving was brought into the car.
4. Select the open inner cycle
If air conditioning and heating air are required, it is recommended to set the air conditioning and warm air as internal circulation, which can effectively reduce the entry of inhalable particles.
5. It is necessary to clean up the filter element
Clean the air filter and air conditioning filter in time, so that too many small particles precipitation on the filter cause poor air flow, resulting in the engine failure and air conditioning abnormal and other phenomena.。
6. Adjust your mind and be anxious
Visibility is low, the speed is also slow, the traffic is more congested than usual, it is easy to make people anxious.At this time, we must adjust our mentality, because driving with emotion not only can not solve the problem, but also adds to the driving risk factor.
Nine, snow day driving precautions
After entering winter, most parts of the country, especially the northern cities, are ushered in the snow, in enjoying the beauty of the snow at the same time, car owners should always pay attention to the safety of snow driving, to ensure that the word "stable" first, more cautious, will be less dangerous.In case of icy road, we must be less to slow back to the steering wheel, increase the turning radius, to prevent skid, maintain low speed.
1. Driving in snow days, you must drive at a low speed, with at least the distance from the car in front. Do not accelerate and slow down sharply.
2. Do not park your car on the flooded road in snow to freeze the wheels and deform the deformation or tire.
3. During the driving process, you can often open the car and skylight, to let the air flow, so as to avoid long discomfort in the heating or closed air time
Ten, Precfor attention on icy road
The braking distance on the icy road is much greater than on the normal road, which is the main cause of some accidents, so more attention to civilized driving on the ice.Try to keep a straight line of driving, do not change lanes frequently, at random, overtaking, but also to reduce the speed, to give up more than twice the usual safe distance.
Frozen roads have a long braking distance, so it is particularly important to predict in advance.If you encounter snow, fog days, you should turn on the lights, fog lights to get more sufficient vision, to help predict.If the car in the car, can use air conditioning fog mode, can not wipe the window while driving.
In the face of snow and snow, the tire pressure should be checked regularly in winter.If in cold areas, it is recommended that you install a special anti-skid chain in advance to deal with icy roads.To pay attention to the weather forecast at any time, such as in case of snow, fog and other very bad weather should try to avoid driving.
No overtaking or lane change before driving to special sections such as icy ramps and curves.Keep at low speed when encountering corners to prevent skid.Keep low gear uphill and avoid gear shifting, avoid neutral sliding downhill, do not press the brake, and should help reduce the speed by lowering the gear.To be more careful through Bridges, because it is easier to ice than ordinary roads, so to slow down!